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Comparison of quality of life for Crohn's disease sufferers with population norm

Hana Ochtinská*, Jan Bureš**, Libor Gabalec***, Veronika Knoblochová****
* Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Studies, University of Pardubice
** II. Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Hradec Králové
*** Internal Department, Hospital of the Pardubice Region, a.s., Orlickoústecká Hospital
**** II. Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Hradec Králové

Abstract

OCHTINSKÁ, H. –  BUREŠ, J. –  GABALEC, L. – KNOBLOCHOVÁ, V. Comparison of quality of life for Crohn's disease sufferers with population norm. In Ošetrovateľstvo: teória, výskum, vzdelávanie [online], 2020, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 37-42. Available on: https://www.osetrovatelstvo.eu/archiv/2020-rocnik-10/cislo-2/porovnani-kvality-zivota-nemocnych-s-crohnovou-chorobou-s-populacni-normou

Aim: To see if there is a statistically significant difference in the assessment of quality of life for Crohn's disease patients found in relapse or remission with the population norm.

Methods: The quantitative research investigation was conducted using the general WHOQOL-BREF quality of life questionnaire and the Best Index for evaluating the clinical activity of the disease. The investigation was conducted from March 2017 to August 2019 in 121 Crohn's disease patients monitored in a gastroenterological ambulance or biotherapy center.

Results: Based on the test hypothesis, a statistically significant difference in quality of life rating between the population norm and relapse sufferers in all domains of concern except the social relationship domain was confirmed. Furthermore, a statistically significant difference in quality of life assessment between the population norm and patients in remission in the physical health domain, the environment domain and health satisfaction was confirmed.

Conclusion: The results showed that the measured values using the general questionnaire were always lower for respondents in relapse than for those in remission. Comparing patients' quality of life in relapse/remission to the population norm shows the smallest difference in quality of life assessment for those in remission. Almost identical results were found in the domain of mental health, social relationships and overall quality of life.

Key words: Crohn's disease, quality of life, WHOQOL-BREF

Full text (Czech language)

Kontakt

Mgr. Hana Ochtinská

Katedra Ošetřovatelství, FZS UP
Průmyslová 395
532 10 Pardubice
Česká republika
E-mail: Hana.ochtinska@upce.cz

Received: 14th September 2020
Accepted: 30th October 2020