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Laypersons’ awareness of cardiac arrest resuscitation procedures: cross-sectional study

Slavko Babić*, Gregor Budihna*, Melita Peršolja**
* Hospital Dr. Franc Derganc Nova Gorica
** University of Primorska, Faculty of Health Sciences, Unit Nova Gorica

Abstract

BABIĆ, S. – BUDIHNA, G. – PERŠOLJA, M. Laypersons’ awareness of cardiac arrest resuscitation procedures: cross-sectional study. In Ošetrovateľstvo: teória, výskum, vzdelávanie [online], 2020, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 55-62. Available on: https://www.osetrovatelstvo.eu/archiv/2020-rocnik-10/cislo-2/laypersons-awareness-of-cardiac-arrest-resuscitation-procedures-cross-sectional-study

Aim: This study aimed to research the awareness and willingness of laypersons to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use an automated external defibrillator.

Methods and sample: In the cross-sectional study, a random sample of 198 people from five municipalities in Slovenia was selected. The self-designed questionnaire was prepared based on a literature review (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.911).

Results: Most of the respondents had a good level of awareness, but the younger gave more correct responses on questions of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Also, respondents who had participated in a Basic Life Support course in the last five years were significantly more aware of what was needed and willing to help a person who does not show any signs of life.

Conclusion: This study shows that effective public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training programs may increase the awareness of, and readiness to implement cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the general population. Basic life support courses have to be long-term to meet the needs of population. The new questionnaire has high internal consistency and could be used for evaluation of public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training programs.

Key words: cardiopulmonary resuscitation, defibrillators, health education

Full text (English language)

Contact

Assist. Prof. Melita Peršolja, RN, MSc, PhD

University of Primorska, Faculty of Health Sciences, Unit Nova Gorica
Delpinova 18a
5000 Nova Gorica
Slovenia
E-mail: melita.persolja@fvz.upr.si

Received: 18th November 2020
Accepted: 9th December 2020