Tereza Dušičková, Sylva Bártlová
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Institute of Nursing, Midwifery and Emergency Care
DUŠIČKOVÁ, T. – BÁRTLOVÁ, S. Impact of colorectal carcinoma on patient lives according to the principles of conservation of personal and social integrity In Ošetrovateľstvo: teória, výskum, vzdelávanie [online], 2018, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 46-51. Available on: https://www.osetrovatelstvo.eu/en/archive/2018-volume-8/number-2/impact-of-colorectal-carcinoma-on-patient-lives-according-to-the-principles-of-conservation-of-personal-and-social-integrity.
Aim: The aim of the paper was to identify the impact of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) on patient lives assessed according to the principles of conservation of personal and social integrity expressed in the model by M. E. Levine.
Sample and methods: The study was performed using quantitative strategy. Non-standardized questionnaires were filled out by patients with a CRC history. The data were analysed in two stages of classification. In the first stage, frequency tables were created, the absolute and relative frequencies, and mean values were calculated. In the second stage, contingency tables and the mark scheme were constructed. In the analysis of relations, the Pearson Chi-Square and Independence Test were used.
Results: The principle of the conservation of the personal integrity related to patients` negative feelings. The most common worries relate to possible colostomy. When exploring the social integrity, it was found out that an impaired psychical state can relate to the patient unemployment. However, our study found out that stoma did not create any problems at work.
Conclusion: M. E. Levine`s model can be used in the care of CRC patients. This concept enables nurses to get a scope for better understanding and assessment of patients. The lives of CRC patients bring about a number of changes, and, therefore, it is important for nurses to maintain patient integrity. The integrity is maintained thanks to the adjustment to changes caused by CRC using conservation principles.
Keywords: colorectal carcinoma, change, energy fields model, M. E. Levine
Mgr. Tereza Dušičková
Ústav ošetřovatelství, porodní asistence a neodkladné péče ZSF JU
U Výstaviště 26
370 05 České Budějovice
Received: 29th August 2018
Accepted: 13th November 2018